Witches and Wicca: How Are They Different?
Witches in today's enlightened society do not have to hide in a forest to follow
most of their ritualistic beliefs. Herbs and their uses encompass most of
their practices and spells are usually performed to have a positive influence on
a situation or person and not to harm someone, as many still believe. Black
magic is frowned on by most of today's witch groups.
Interestingly, the crimes of which most witches were accused had, at their
core, an economic element-- the theft of milk, the destruction of property,
threats of physical harm that came true (or at least came true in the witness
accounts), and curses that were coincidentally efficacious.
trials, there were 271 accusations of murder, 510 of causing human illness,
339 of causing cattle's death, thirty-nine of causing cattle's illness, 104 of
stealing or spoiling milk, 157 of killing horses or causing illness, thirty-seven of
killing sheep, twenty-seven of killing pigs, twenty-one of ruining beer, and
eleven of inflicting poverty.
All of these crimes constitute some form economic transgression as both
murder and illness could have significant economic repercussions in the tight
knit rural communities; furthermore, nearly half the cases (735 out of 1,519)
speak of crimes whose primary effect was economic.
While the church saw witches as a spiritual threat to the community, in
practical and juridical term witches were largely prosecuted because of their
imputed economic threat to the community.
Quite simply, in the eyes of the courts and the local populace who brought the
initial charges, witches were seen as an economic threat that needed to be
D' Este, S. Towards the Wiccan Circle - A Practical Introduction to the
Principles of Wicca. 2008.
Dunwich, G. Wicca Book Of Days: Legend and Lore for Every Day of the Year.
Dunwich, G. Exploring Spellcraft: How to Create and Cast Effective Spells.
Normand, L. Witchcraft In Early Modern Scotland: James VI's Demonology
and the North Berwick Witches. 2000.
Witch Spells and Herbs
What is Wicca?
Persecution of Witches
Witches in England
Witches in America
Witches in Denmark
Witches in Sweeden
Witch Costume Ideas
Witch Decoration Ideas