Wicca Is A Modern Pagan Religion
Beliefs and Practices
first question is, ""What is Wicca?"
Most people view Wicca as being the same as witchcraft, but the religious
beliefs of Wiccans are only slightly similar to witchcraft. They may be
represented in the press with flying crones, cauldrons, and as people who cast
spells like witches.
Wicca is actually a complex belief system that may best be described as a
system of beliefs that defy our traditional institutions.
Those that believe and practice Wicca have eight major Sabbats, including
days of the equinox and solstice. Each Wicca believer is left the choice to
select the god or goddess figure to worship. Whatever locus is chosen, divine
power ultimately rests within each worshiper and their intimate connection
with the forces of nature.
Some Wiccans practice their beliefs alone and are "solitaries." Most Wiccans
choose to join groups, or covens, in order to expand the learning process and to
perform rituals and Sabbats in the company of others. Most covens gather at
specific sites and generally worship outdoors.
Most of us worship a Judeo-Christian God as a single diety, but Wiccans
believe each individual is implicitly sacred by their connection to the
designated divinity of nature. Most of our traditional religions require some
type of intervention of an ordained clergy or priest to illuminate and excite
our belief in a single God.
In contrast, Wiccans view a religious path more in terms of the individual
exploring the spiritual world as they wish. Wiccans believe each believer is
capable of becoming their own Godhead in the understanding that they are one
of many and similar to the others.
Do Wiccans Use A Bible?
Wiccans do not have a "Bible," but there are a number of texts to which
Wiccans routinely turn to for the structuring of rituals and to help them learn
about the figure of their chosen deity. Judeo-Christian religion is
monotheistic. Wicca, with its numerous dieties is pantheistic.
The Book of Shadows is used by many Wiccans as a structure for belief,
including methods for casting spells, observing holidays, and providing an
organization around which to discuss their practices. Some Wiccans choose not
to thoroughly immerse themselves in the texts, preferring the more modern
interpretation of various rituals and practices of 20th and 21st century
The Wiccan rede: "An' it harm none, do what you will" stands as the core
ethical statement of Wicca and all other teachings are considered an
elaboration or application of this tenet. It holds their believers to a code of
behavior and indicts those whose actions deviate from such an understanding.
Each coven is headed by a priestess or priest, although decisions are made by a
selected committee, consisting of founding members and coven elders. Covens
may also allow other pagan groups to meet within their space and rituals may
be led by any coven members approved by the committee. The coven
structures practice around divine nature via a set of deities held common by
those who meet there.
Wiccan Gods and Godesses
Wiccans have a system with an immanent deity, a god/goddess figure who looks
over the four elements of life--air, fire, water, and earth. Their beliefs are
channeled through a number of goddess and god figures, including those
adopted from Celtic deities, and the Egyptian and Greek pantheon.
Their gods and goddesses are intimately tied to nature and are worshipped as
a source of power. At the core of Wicca beliefs is the need to resolve psychic
conflict in the body/mind of the believer. This will reunite the believer with an
integrated spiritual existence involving all living things.
For example, many Wiccans revere the Celtic gods, while others focus their
devotion on the Norse gods. Some worship the Egyptian figures of Isis and
Osiris or the Greek gods, including Gaea, Rhea, Diana, and Aphrodite. These
deities possess specific powers in accordance with their pre-existing
Whichever figures are held sacred, their connection to the natural world
remains central to worship. In addition, the sun, the moon, earth, air, water,
and fire, Wiccans celebrate the rhythm of birth, death, and rebirth, and
throughout their lives they are attuned to the cyclical movement of the astral
bodies as a determining factor in shaping the world.
Wiccans practice divination through Tarot card or Rune reading. Runes are an
ancient Germanic alphabet, used for writing, divination, and magic, usually by a
member of the coven who specializes in oracular interpretations.
Many covens script their rituals while others prefer to leave them open to
Wiccans do not try to convert others to their group. They believe that most
believers come to Wicca intuitively, by seeking and following a vague interest
in alternative religions.
Initially, practicing Wiccans tend to try and dissuade would-be believers, but
covens usually have open Sabbats and discussion groups are often held that
help augment solitary inquiry. Covens are accessible via the Internet and
through a number of holistic stores and alternative healing groups, many of
which are aligned with feminist organizations.
God. However, there are many other pagan deities representing the creative
force of “The One” or “The All. Nature is revered including rocks, plants,
planets and animals and all are believed to have a spirit.
The Great Mother Goddess Of Wiccan Belief
The Mother goddess is a female part of “The All,” who represents the
fundamental stages of life.
Wiccans Cast Spells For Positive Power
Wiccans are forbidden to cast spells that attempt to manipulate or hurt
others. They conduct rituals to assist in everyday activities and to bring
positive powers to bear on issues.
D' Este, S. Towards the Wiccan Circle - A Practical Introduction to the
Principles of Wicca. 2008.
Dunwich, G. Wicca Book Of Days: Legend and Lore for Every Day of the Year.
Dunwich, G. Exploring Spellcraft: How to Create and Cast Effective Spells.
Normand, L. Witchcraft In Early Modern Scotland: James VI's Demonology
and the North Berwick Witches. 2000.
Witch Spells and Herbs
What is Wicca?
Persecution of Witches
Witches in England
Witches in America
Witches in Denmark
Witches in Sweeden
Witch Costume Ideas
Witch Decoration Ideas